Saturday, July 04, 2020

Scholarships Open to Undocumented Students

Scholarships Open to Undocumented Students

(Last updated on June 2020)

We are continually expanding this list and featuring scholarships with approaching deadlines so be sure to return to this page periodically.
[Deadline: 6/1/20] CLLFC Scholarship (Nationwide): Open to undocumented high school seniors, college AND graduate students.
[Extended Deadline: 6/8/20] NYSYLC Scholarship (New York): Open to undocumented high school seniors/GED graduates, and current college students in New York.
[Deadline: 6/30/20] Korean American Scholarship (Nationwide): Open to undocumented high school seniors, college AND graduate students with Korean heritage studying in the U.S.
[Deadline: Varies] HACU Scholarship Program (Nationwide): Open to undocumented students currently enrolled in college.
[Deadline: 7/3/20] SALEF Scholarship (California): Open to undocumented high school, college, and graduate students in Los Angeles County.
[Deadline: 7/31/20] CORE Que Llueva Cafe Scholarship (Nationwide): Open to undocumented high school/GED graduate enrolling for the first time in an accredited college/university.
[Deadline: 7/31/20] Platt Family Scholarship (Nationwide): Open to undocumented college students.
[Deadline: 10/29/20] Paul & Daisy Soros Fellowship (Nationwide): Open to undocumented students pursuing graduate school.
[Deadline: Until position is filled] Job Opportunity: Dream Center Coordinator at Cal Poly
[No deadline] Fee waiver for the LSAT– Fee waivers are available for undocumented students with DACA who are unable to pay for the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT)
[No deadline] Fee waiver for the MCAT Fee waivers are available for undocumented students with DACA who are unable to pay for the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).
Need financial assistance to renew your DACA? RAICES Texas and Dream Big Nevada are currently accepting applications for their DACA scholarship opportunities, which provide recipients with $495 to cover their DACA renewal fees. You can learn more about these opportunities and apply by submitting these forms: RAICES Texas and Dream Big Nevada. Please note that depending on funds available, these applications are sometimes closed. We encourage you to follow the work of RAICES Texas and Dream Big Nevada to stay up to date.

Don’t miss out on the latest resources available for undocumented students, make sure to “like” our page on Facebook. Please consider donating to our platform so we can provide more information and resources to help undocumented students and their families. Any amount helps!

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Friday, July 03, 2020

Advice for Millennials and Gen Zers on Crafting an Online Identity: Let Your "Somebodiness" Shine!


Angela Valenzuela, Ph.D.

July 3, 2020

I write this as the mother of two Millennials, as well as a professor of many Millennials over the years that have expressed anxiety to me about their online voices and image. I totally get this, as this is also of concern to many Boomer faculty that I have come across over the years, the majority of whom have far less to lose by being "out there" with what they think and believe. These very concerns came alive in a recent workshop I attended with junior and senior university faculty on "brand management." Perhaps you'll find these resources helpful, especially given the current COVID moment characterized by so much online time that may be magnifying the salience of our online identities.

I know it all sounds neoliberal and individualistic but parsing those aspects out so that you can demonstrate how your voice is authentic, your work, valuable, and your ethics, principled, makes for a better life. In a world of social media where virtually everybody can be found within a few clicks, my sense is that it's better to be in front of defining who you are rather than either taking this for granted or getting this done by others for you.

The first is a book on how we can or should showcase our work "without blowing it." I would think this to be of similar importance to Millennials and Gen Zers in a world of social media that simultaneously broadcasts and shapes their tastes, priorities, preferences, political views, and values.

Many women and men of color, generally speaking, are not very good at "tooting their own horns," so that others can learn about 1) what they value; and 2) how their values are also of value to their workplaces and organizations. More often than not, these need to be spelled out, rather than assumed. Knowing these things can help you to not only be valued and relevant to your organization's values, but in so doing, to remain employed and employable. The second book, "Composing a Life," speaks to the creative aspects of being as we forge new identities.

With nearly everybody's identities online now, it's worthwhile to ponder such things as how one's reputation and "brand visibility," can have real-world consequences—both positive and negative. I dislike binaries so I'll amend this say, "the good, bad, and the ugly."
Seriously, do give some thought to your "brand." This could take intentional forms like a blog, an online portfolio, a Youtube channel and the like. If done well, this will take time, as this ideally involves a fair amount of reflection and getting feedback from people you trust throughout the process regarding the "self" that you're putting out there.

My main advice to you — and to myself —is that via the use of social media like blogs, Facebook, TikTok, Twitter, Snapchat, Youtube, and so on, be aware that wittingly or unwittingly, we are always crafting an identity that can make us more or less attractive (read: "employable") to others. I am not at all saying to be false, rather the opposite: To be authentic and responsible with your words, opinions, and language. For better or for worse, we are always crafting a life with our identities that will likely shift over the years as we discover new interests, passions, opportunities, and perspectives.

You do not have to know all the answers or be perfect. You just have to know that who you are today is going to be different from who you are going to be in 10 years, or less, and, as you know, that identities—together with the language, tone, and words that we use—"follow us" and will do so for a lifetime. Accordingly, think twice before throwing the "F-bomb" and cursing online, in general. I am not at all prudish about such things offline as my close friends and family know. Rather it's unpleasant, unprofessional, and could inadvertently thwart your goals and pursuits.

I hope you take this as good advice on how not to inadvertently sabotage yourself with your own words, speech, images, or flip expressions and views. Consider following someone you admire who shows consistency in their identities across platforms, indicating a sense of integrity—and make them your role model. Friend them. They'd probably be flattered that you reached out to them for this purpose of making them a guiding light. Also, do make it a practice to be open to criticism, particularly from our friends and family that love and care for us. Nearly always, they mean to help, rather than hurt, us when they offer helpful criticism.

It's a sign of the times when there are businesses that exist solely to help people to improve their online image by burying negative content, on the one hand, and promoting positive content, on the other. Consider taking the easiest route here by simply deleting content you posted that, upon reflection, you sense may come back to bite you. We've all done this. It's not a big deal. Pay attention to your gut instincts on such decisions.

My generation didn't have to worry as much about such things, but the current ones do. For example, a common practice I've observed among colleagues in my own world is to readily look up faculty that we might hire or students that we might admit on Google or Facebook. It's almost automatic these days. For example, I learned a few years ago of a renowned scholar from another institution who didn't get hired because a quick, online search revealed allegations of sexual misconduct. I don't know the intricacies of this case, but I can tell you that I was not at all surprised to hear that he didn't get hired by the University of Texas at Austin.

Accordingly, we also need to be aware of potential pitfalls of the memes and images we put out in our regular lives, and the wrong people we may inadvertently draw into our space, in the process. Our circles of friends and the events we attend say so much about who we are—and who people perceive us to be. As a consequence of all these micro decisions, your name—or your "brand"—will conjure up a lot of associations referred to as "semantic relationships" in brand theory. Hopefully, these semantic relationships, combined with your awareness of these, will help, rather than impede, your goals and desires.

In short, in this brave new world of social media, particularly for young people seeking employment, positive evaluations, and promotion opportunities we are well served by 1) being authentic; 2) maintaining a good brand reputation; and 3) maintaining high brand visibility. This means finding multiple ways to message your values and commitments so that people will minimally know where you're coming from and respect you for that.

So conceived, evaluation is not something that happens at the conclusion of a task—even if that is an occurrence—but is rather an everyday affair as we go about our personal and professional lives. Accordingly, we also need to be aware of potential pitfalls of the image or images we put out in our regular lives.

Finally, if the neoliberal overtones to what I'm sharing are off-putting, then listen to the advice that the Reverend Martin Luther King gave to a group of Junior High School students in Philadelphia titled, "What is Your Life's Blueprint (October 26, 1967)?"

"Number one in your life’s blueprint, should be a deep belief in your own dignity, your worth and your own somebodiness. Don’t allow anybody to make you feel that you’re nobody. Always feel that you count. Always feel that you have worth, and always feel that your life has ultimate significance."
Having grown up as "digital natives"—as addressed in my earlier post this morning—Millennials and Gen Zs are very much poised to continue making a positive difference in the world. So don't at all obsess with your online identity to the exclusion of other important things in your life. That would be over-reach and ultimately not healthy.

My purpose is rather to remind you that you are, in all instances, in ways big and small, crafting an identity that is itself a lifetime endeavor. This should therefore be done thoughtfully and with an everyday awareness of the self that you are continually crafting so that you can enjoy rewarding relationships and an abiding sense of peace and meaningfulness in your lives. Let your "somebodiness" shine!

On the Cusp of Adulthood and Facing an Uncertain Future: What We Know About Gen Z So Far by Kim Parker & Ruth Igielnik

Great piece out of the Pew Research Center on demographic trends that takes a close look at Generation Zers (ages 18-23) and how they both reflect America’s changes and how they are changing America.  For starters, they are a very diverse group as follows:

"A bare majority (52%) are non-Hispanic white – significantly smaller than the share of Millennials who were non-Hispanic white in 2002 (61%). One-in-four Gen Zers are Hispanic, 14% are black, 6% are Asian and 5% are some other race or two or more races."
They are “digital natives,” not having known any other world that the smart phone one that they inhabit.  They gravitate to Youtube and are politically similar to Millennials.  

Digital technology appears to be a mixed blessing, as well (see today's post for Gen Zers and Millennials on crafting an online identity). That said, one still might infer from these data the democratizing impact of the Internet, something the researchers do not discuss. Yet, according to another news report, it is this very generation that was overwhelmingly represented in the Black Lives Matter marches this past spring, online and off (also see this related report from Business Insider).

In the November 2020 election, 61 percent of Gen Zers, as compared to 58 percent of Millennials, plan to vote Democrat.Put your heads around this: "24 million will have the opportunity to cast a ballot in November." My hope is that Millennials and Gen Zers will turn out in droves.

Gen Zers are our 18-23-year olds.  As university faculty, we would do well to consider the implications of who this generation is in terms of what and how we teach.

In addition to Gen Z's and Millennials' potentially defining power at the ballot box in terms of the direction that this country will take, a big question that remains is how COVID-related uncertainties will shape them, and thusly, America far into the future.

-Angela Valenzuela

#GenZ #COVIDGeneration #Millennials #Vote2020

by Kim Parker and Ruth Igielnik | Pew Research Center | May 14, 2020

One-in-ten eligible voters in the 2020 electorate will be part of a new generation of Americans – Generation Z. Born after 1996, most members of this generation are not yet old enough to vote, but as the oldest among them turn 23 this year, roughly 24 million will have the opportunity to cast a ballot in November. And their political clout will continue to grow steadily in the coming years, as more and more of them reach voting age.

Unlike the Millennials – who came of age during the Great Recession – this new generation was in line to inherit a strong economy with record-low unemployment. That has all changed now, as COVID-19 has reshaped the country’s social, political and economic landscape. Instead of looking ahead to a world of opportunities, Gen Z now peers into an uncertain future.

There are already signs that the oldest Gen Zers have been particularly hard hit in the early weeks and months of the coronavirus crisis. In a March 2020 Pew Research Center survey, half of the oldest Gen Zers (ages 18 to 23) reported that they or someone in their household had lost a job or taken a cut in pay because of the outbreak. This was significantly higher than the shares of Millennials (40%), Gen Xers (36%) and Baby Boomers (25%) who said the same. In addition, an analysis of jobs data showed that young workers were particularly vulnerable to job loss before the coronavirus outbreak, as they were overrepresented in high-risk service sector industries.

Indiana University students move out of student housing due to the coronavirus pandemic. (Jeremy Hogan/Echoes Wire/Barcroft Media via Getty Images)

Aside from the unique set of circumstances in which Gen Z is approaching adulthood, what do we know about this new generation? We know it’s different from previous generations in some important ways, but similar in many ways to the Millennial generation that came before it. Members of Gen Z are more racially and ethnically diverse than any previous generation, and they are on track to be the most well-educated generation yet. They are also digital natives who have little or no memory of the world as it existed before smartphones.
Still, when it comes to their views on key social and policy issues, they look very much like Millennials. Pew Research Center surveys conducted in the fall of 2018 (more than a year before the coronavirus outbreak) among Americans ages 13 and older found that, similar to Millennials, Gen Zers are progressive and pro-government, most see the country’s growing racial and ethnic diversity as a good thing, and they’re less likely than older generations to see the United States as superior to other nations.1
A look at how Gen Z voters view the Trump presidency provides further insight into their political beliefs. A Pew Research Center survey conducted in January of this year found that about a quarter of registered voters ages 18 to 23 (22%) approved of how Donald Trump is handling his job as president, while about three-quarters disapproved (77%). Millennial voters were only slightly more likely to approve of Trump (32%) while 42% of Gen X voters, 48% of Baby Boomers and 57% of those in the Silent Generation approved of the job he’s doing as president.

Gen Z is more racially and ethnically diverse than previous generations
Generation Z represents the leading edge of the country’s changing racial and ethnic makeup. A bare majority (52%) are non-Hispanic white – significantly smaller than the share of Millennials who were non-Hispanic white in 2002 (61%). One-in-four Gen Zers are Hispanic, 14% are black, 6% are Asian and 5% are some other race or two or more races.
Gen Zers are slightly less likely than Millennials to be immigrants: 6% were born outside of the U.S., compared with 7% of Millennials at the same age. But they are more likely to be the children of immigrants: 22% of Gen Zers have at least one immigrant parent (compared with 14% of Millennials). Even as immigration flows into the U.S. have diminished in recent years, new immigrants will join the ranks of Gen Z in the years to come. As a result, this generation is projected to become majority nonwhite by 2026, according to Census Bureau projections.
In some regions of the U.S., Gen Z has already crossed this threshold. In the West, only 40% of Gen Zers are non-Hispanic white. Just as many are Hispanic, while 4% are black, 10% are Asian and 6% are some other race. In the South, 46% of Gen Zers are non-Hispanic white. Minority representation is lowest in the Midwest, where more than two-thirds of Gen Zers (68%) are non-Hispanic white.

Gen Z on track to be the best-educated generation yet

A look at older members of Generation Z suggests they are on a somewhat different educational trajectory than the generations that came before them. They are less likely to drop out of high school and more likely to be enrolled in college. Among 18- to 21-year-olds no longer in high school in 2018, 57% were enrolled in a two-year or four-year college. This compares with 52% among Millennials in 2003 and 43% among members of Gen X in 1987.
These changing educational patterns are tied to changes in immigration especially among Hispanics. Gen Z Hispanics are less likely than Millennial Hispanics to be immigrants, and previous research has shown that second-generation Hispanic youth are less likely to drop out of high school and more likely to attend college than foreign-born Hispanic youth.
Gen Zers are also more likely to have a college-educated parent than are previous generations of young people. In 2019, 44% of Gen Zers ages 7 to 17 were living with a parent who had a bachelor’s degree or more education, compared with 33% of Millennials when they were the same age. Both of these trends reflect the overall trend toward more Americans pursuing higher education.
Perhaps because they are more likely to be engaged in educational endeavors, Gen Zers are less likely to be working than previous generations when they were teens and young adults. Only 18% of Gen Z teens (ages 15 to 17) were employed in 2018, compared with 27% of Millennial teens in 2002 and 41% of Gen Xers in 1986. And among young adults ages 18 to 22, while 62% of Gen Zers were employed in 2018, higher shares of Millennials (71%) and Gen Xers (79%) were working when they were a comparable age.

The views of Gen Z mirror those of Millennials in many ways. Still, survey data collected in 2018 (well before the coronavirus outbreak) shows that there are places where this younger generation stands out as having a somewhat different outlook.

For example, members of Gen Z are more likely than older generations to look to government to solve problems, rather than businesses and individuals. Fully seven-in-ten Gen Zers say the government should do more to solve problems, while 29% say government is doing too many things better left to businesses and individuals. A somewhat smaller share of Millennials (64%) say government should do more to solve problems, and this view is even less prevalent among older generations (53% of Gen Xers, 49% of Boomers and 39% of Silents).
For the most part, however, Gen Zers and Millennials share similar views on issues facing the country. These younger generations are more likely than their older counterparts to say the earth is getting warmer due to human activity: 54% of Gen

Z and 56% of Millennials say this, compared with smaller shares of Gen Xers, Boomers and Silents (48%, 45% and 38%, respectively).

When it comes to race relations, Gen Zers and Millennials are about equally likely to say that blacks are treated less fairly than whites in this country. Roughly two-thirds of Gen Zers and Millennials say this, compared with about half of Gen Xers and Boomers and smaller shares among the Silent Generation.
Younger generations also share a different view of the U.S. relative to other countries in the world. Gen Zers (14%) and Millennials (13%) are less likely than Gen Xers (20%), Boomers (30%) or Silents (45%) to say the U.S. is better than all other countries. Still, pluralities of every generation except the Silent Generation say the U.S. is one of the best countries in the world along with some others.

Within the GOP, Gen Zers have sharp differences with their elders

Among Republicans and those who lean to the Republican Party, there are striking differences between Generation Z and older generations on social and political issues. In their views on race, Gen Z Republicans are more likely than older generations of Republicans to say blacks are treated less fairly than whites in the U.S. today. Fully 43% of Republican Gen Zers say this, compared with 30% of Millennial Republicans and roughly two-in-ten Gen X, Boomer and Silent Generation Republicans. Views are much more consistent across generations among Democrats and Democratic leaners.
Similarly, the youngest Republicans stand out in their views on the role of government and the causes of climate change. Gen Z Republicans are much more likely than older generations of Republicans to desire an increased government role in solving problems. About half (52%) of Republican Gen Zers say government should do more, compared with 38% of Millennials, 29% of Gen Xers and even smaller shares among older generations. And the youngest Republicans are less likely than their older counterparts to attribute the earth’s warming temperatures to natural patterns, as opposed to human activity (18% of Gen Z Republicans say this, compared with three-in-ten or more among older generations of Republicans).
Overall, members of Gen Z look similar to Millennials in their political preferences, 

particularly when it comes to the upcoming 2020 election. Among registered voters, a January Pew Research Center survey found that 61% of Gen Z voters (ages 18 to 23) said they were definitely or probably going to vote for the Democratic candidate for president in the 2020 election, while about a quarter (22%) said they were planning to vote for Trump. Millennial voters, similarly, were much more likely to say they plan to support a Democrat in November than Trump (58% vs. 25%). Larger shares of Gen X voters (37%), Boomers (44%) and Silents (53%) said they plan to support President Trump.

Younger generations see family, societal change as a good thing

Across a number of measures, Gen Zers and Millennials stand out from older generations in their views of family and societal change. Roughly half of Gen Zers (48%) and Millennials (47%) say gay and lesbian couples being allowed to marry is a good thing for our society. By comparison, only one-third of Gen Xers and about one-quarter of Boomers (27%) say this is a good thing. Pluralities of Boomers and Gen Xers say it doesn’t make a difference. Members of the Silent Generation are the most likely to view this as a bad thing for society.
There is a similar pattern in views of people of different races marrying each other, with larger shares of Millennials and Gen Zers saying this is a good thing for our society, compared with older generations. Very few across generations say this is a bad thing for society.
Gen Zers and Millennials are less likely than older generations to say that single women raising children on their own is a bad thing for society. Still, relatively few in both generations say this is a good thing for society, while about half say it doesn’t make much difference (roughly similar to the shares among older generations).
When it comes to their own home life, the experiences of Gen Z reflect, in part, broad trends that have reshaped the American family in recent decades. According to a Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau data, about three-in-ten (29%) live in a household with an unmarried parent while 66% live with two married parents. A roughly comparable share of Millennials (69%) lived with two married parents at a similar age, but the shares among Gen Xers and Boomers were significantly larger (72% and 86%). Of those Gen Zers who are living with two married parents, in most cases both of those parents are in the labor force (64%). This compares with a slightly higher share of Millennials who were living with two parents at a comparable age (66% had two parents in the labor force) and a slightly lower share of Gen Xers (61%).

Generations differ in their familiarity and comfort with using gender-neutral pronouns

Ideas about gender identity are rapidly changing in the U.S., and Gen Z is at the front end of those changes. Gen Zers are much more likely than those in older generations to say they personally know someone who prefers to go by gender-neutral pronouns, with 35% saying so, compared with 25% of Millennials, 16% of Gen Xers, 12% of Boomers and just 7% of Silents. This generational pattern is evident among both Democrats and Republicans.
There are also stark generational differences in views of how gender options are presented on official documents. Gen Z is by far the most likely to say that when a form or online profile asks about a person’s gender it should include options other than “man” and “woman.” About six-in-ten Gen Zers (59%) say forms or online profiles should include additional gender options, compared with half of Millennials, about four-in-ten Gen Xers and Boomers (40% and 37%, respectively) and roughly a third of those in the Silent Generation (32%).

These views vary widely along partisan lines, and there are generational differences within each party coalition. But those differences are sharpest among Republicans: About four-in-ten Republican Gen Zers (41%) think forms should include additional gender options, compared with 27% of Republican Millennials, 17% of Gen Xers and Boomers and 16% of Silents. Among Democrats, half or more in all generations say this.
Gen Zers are similar to Millennials in their comfort with using gender-neutral pronouns. Both groups express somewhat higher levels of comfort than other generations, though generational differences on this question are fairly modest. Majorities of Gen Zers and Millennials say they would feel “very” or “somewhat” comfortable using a gender-neutral pronoun to refer to someone if asked to do so. By comparison, Gen Xers and Boomers are about evenly divided: About as many say they would feel at least somewhat comfortable (49% and 50%, respectively) as say they would be uncomfortable.
Members of Gen Z are also similar to Millennials in their views on society’s acceptance of those who do not identify as a man or a woman. Roughly half of Gen Zers (50%) and Millennials (47%) think that society is not accepting enough of these individuals. Smaller shares of Gen Xers (39%), Boomers (36%) and those in the Silent Generation (32%) say the same.
Here again there are large partisan gaps, and Gen Z Republicans stand apart from other generations of Republicans in their views. About three-in-ten Republican Gen Zers (28%) say that society is not accepting enough of people who don’t identify as a man or woman, compared with two-in-ten Millennials, 15% of Gen Xers, 13% of Boomers and 11% of Silents. Democrats’ views are nearly uniform across generations in saying that society is not accepting enough of people who don’t identify as a man or a woman.

Teens and technology

Looking at the relationship American teens have with technology provides a window into the experiences of a significant segment of Generation Z. According to a 2018 Pew Research Center survey, 95% of 13- to 17-year-olds have access to a smartphone, and a similar share (97%) use at least one of seven major online platforms.
YouTube, Instagram and Snapchat are among teens’ favorite online destinations. Some 85% say they use YouTube, 72% use Instagram and 69% use Snapchat. Facebook is less popular with teens – 51% say they use this social media site. Some 45% of teens say they are online “almost constantly,” and an additional 44% say they’re online several times a day.
Some researchers have suggested that the growing amount of time teens are spending on their mobile devices, and specifically on social media, is contributing to the growth in anxiety and depression among this group. Teens have mixed views on whether social media has had a positive or negative effect on their generation. About three-in-ten (31%) say the effect on people their own age has been mostly positive, 24% say it’s been mostly negative, and 45% say it’s been neither positive nor negative.
Many teens who say social media has had a positive effect say a major reason they feel this way is because it helps them stay connected with friends and family (40% of teens who say social media has a mostly positive effect say this). For those who see the effect of social media as negative, the most common reason cited is that it leads to bullying and rumor spreading (27% of teens who say social media has a mostly negative effect say this).
1.   These findings are based on a survey of 920 U.S. teens ages 13 to 17 conducted online Sept. 17-Nov. 25, 2018, combined with a nationally representative survey of 10,682 adults ages 18 and older conducted online Sept. 24-Oct. 7, 2018, using Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel. Findings based on Generation Z combine data from the teens survey with data from the 18- to 21-year-old respondents in the adult survey.

Thursday, July 02, 2020

More than 300 children in Texas day cares have caught COVID-19, and the numbers are rising

What to make of this report especially when the American Academy of Pediatrics reiterates in its guidance "that unlike the flu, children do not seem to amplify the outbreak of COVID-19, with other experts agreeing? On balance, it sounds like good news.

We'll definitely know more at things progress with the coronavirus.

-Angela Valenzuela

More than 300 children in Texas day cares have caught COVID-19, and the numbers are rising

Nationwide, coronavirus transmission rates among children have appeared to be low, partly explaining the push to reopen schools. But Texas day cares are seeing cases increase quickly.
As of Tuesday, there were 950 reported positive cases of COVID-19 — 307 children and 643 staff members — at 668 Texas child care locations. Eddie Gaspar - Texas Tribune
Photo credit: 
 Although COVID-19 transmission rates nationwide among children have appeared to remain relatively low, more than 300 children at Texas child care centers have tested positive, and the numbers are rising quickly.
As of Tuesday, there were 950 reported positive cases of COVID-19 — 307 children and 643 staff members — at 668 child care locations. Statewide, 12,207 licensed child care operations are open, and total reported coronavirus cases have risen from 59 cases in mid-May and 576 on June 23.
The rise comes as experts and health officials appear to diverge on how risky it is for children to gather in group settings like day care and school classrooms. The American Academy of Pediatrics is recommending that students be “physically present” in schools, saying that the educational advantages outweigh health risks. The academy says it thinks 3 feet of social distancing is sufficient for classrooms and stated that "the relative impact of physical distancing among children is likely small based on current evidence and certainly difficult to implement."
But guidelines from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that day care center providers consider a minimum of 6 feet of social distancing and dismiss students and most staff for two to five days if they have a confirmed coronavirus case so public health authorities can assess the situation.
About 1.1 million Texas children were in state-licensed and registered home day care centers before COVID-19 struck. Several child care centers have closed during the pandemic, with others reporting a drop in the number of children attending.
University of Vermont study has found that children contract COVID-19 "far less frequently" than adults and found it less likely to be spread among children. It concluded that “transmission in schools may be less important in community transmission than initially feared.”
The American Academy of Pediatrics, which is set to publish the study in its journal, reiterated this in its guidance for reopening schools, stating that unlike the flu, children do not seem to amplify the outbreak of COVID-19. Other experts have echoed these findings as well.
On Thursday, Texas published a new set of emergency rules for child care centers, reinstating safety mandates that had been repealed in mid-June. These include requiring child care centers to check temperatures of staff and students daily, having parents drop students off outside, and not serving family-style meals. 
“Providers are required to follow state Minimum Standards to ensure the health and safety of children in care,” Texas Health and Human Services Commission spokesperson Danielle Pestrikoff said in an email. “HHSC has enacted emergency rules and they require operations to implement screening procedures that align with the CDC’s most recent guidance. We continue to advise child care operations to follow the guidance of the CDC and those laid out in Governor Abbott’s Open Texas Checklist.”
Aliyya Swaby contributed to this report.