Also, read this article in addition to going to this website: http://tinyurl.com/ne7hvnd
|Huelga Schools of Houston:
The Chicano Fight for Equal Education
By: Jacob Tate
When the Houston Independent School District (HISD) began to integrate its schools in 1970, it used a plan that only integrated Hispanics and African-Americans. Hispanics believed that this plan was racist and unjust, so they boycotted the schools. Special "huelga" (strike) schools were formed to educate boycotting students. The boycotts did not end until HISD drew up a fair integration plan in 1972. Because of this movement, Hispanics now have a better education and therefore, a better future.
"The 'integration' will not actually change
much...the plan makes hundreds of students change schools and the only
real 'integration' is only with Chicanos and blacks."
--Papel Chicano, a Chicano newspaper
When HISD was forced to integrate the schools in 1970, they decided to classify Hispanics as white, saying that the Hispanics wanted to be white. So, with the Hispanics "white," they mixed Hispanics and African-Americans. They left Anglos untouched, who stayed in their superior schools, while the Hispanics and African-Americans were integrated. Also, many Hispanics had to attend schools far away from the barrios.
"They are not interracial...[they have] fought to be white...when the shoe begins to pinch [they want to be] a identificable ethnic minority."
--Judge Ben Connally, after turning down the Chicanos appeal against HISD's integration plan.
"...sorry Judge Connally cannot see the real world."
--Leonel Castillo, Chicano activist
"The system was unfair...when they said they wanted all children to succeed they had one child in mind. This child wasn't black, or brown, or olive, or Asian. The child was white."
--Dr. Patricia Silva-Flores, Chicano teacher
"They didn't want us around."
--Macario Ramirez, Chicano activist