"Third-graders who lack proficiency in reading are four times more likely to become high school dropouts."
Only in the rarest of incidents should a third-grade child still not be held back if they are not reading by 3rd grade.
"The ideal alternative: teachers and parents would collaborate on the creation of an individualized learning plan for each third-grader who needs help with reading — a plan that might involve specialized instruction, tutoring or summer school. Most important is taking action, researchers say, and not assuming that reading problems will work themselves out."
Why Third Grade Is So Important: The ‘Matthew Effect’
Children who have made the leap to fluent reading will learn exponentially, while those who haven't will slump
Read more: Anne Murphy Paul: 'Matthew Effect' and Why Third Grade Is So Important | TIME.com http://ideas.time.com/2012/09/26/why-third-grade-is-so-important-the-matthew-effect/#ixzz2kxwU2OVj