This blog on Texas education contains posts on accountability, testing, college readiness, dropouts, bilingual education, immigration, school finance, race, class, and gender issues with additional focus at the national level.
Latino professors at the University of Texas are paid less, few are in leadership, study finds
When your brother-in-law texts you an article on inequities going on on your own campus, you know that word's gotten around. Glad to see NBC's Suzanne Gamboa write a really good review of the work by the Independent Equity Committee (IEC), all full professors, at UT-Austin. The disparities are systemic and glaring—and our numbers are dropping.
This means that important research isn't getting done and that we're increasingly irrelevant despite our massive demographic growth. This is not a good situation for our state to be in. In fact, this is a crisis that must get remedied.
AUSTIN, Texas — The University of Texas, one of the state’s
flagship universities, pays its Hispanic professors tens of thousands dollars
less than white professors and rarely hires them as deans or for other
leadership jobs, a group of Latino professors has found.
While the pay gap the professors uncovered has gotten the most
attention, the few Hispanics serving as deans, associate deans or assistant
deans exposes a deeper problem of institutional racism, according to Alberto
Martinez, a history professor at the university and chair of the committee that
produced the “Hispanic Equity Report.”
In January, the university located in Austin, Texas, had 130
deans, vice deans, associate deans and assistant deans. Of those, 10 are
Latino. None are Latina.
“This is what we live in as Hispanics, as Latinos, and we are
trying to bring it to the forefront. We need real inclusion in how university
departments are run," Martinez said. "We have the same merits as
other people in the university."
The committee analyzed thousands of pages of faculty résumés and
found many Hispanic professors “eminently qualified” for the leadership
positions, some with better résumés than faculty in the leadership jobs,
The salary difference demonstrates disparity, “but the bigger
problem is the lack of inclusion,” Martinez said.
The Independent Equity Committee at the University of Texas at
Austin, made up of the eight Latino professors, presented its Oct. 8 report to
legislators and their staffs at the state Capitol on Friday.
The professors want state lawmakers' to help make policy changes
and order equity reviews of the university and the University of Texas System,
Martinez said. The UT system includes 14 higher education,
research and health care institutions.
Texas already is a majority minority state and according to
projections, Hispanics will be the largest population group in the state by
2022. The state’s white population is projected to drop from 41.8 percent in
2018 to 28.6 percent in 2050, according to Texas Demographic Center data
assembled by Rogelio Sáenz, dean of the College of Public Policy at
the University of Texas at San Antonio.
“I am a full professor in the history department. I am No. 13 in
productivity, articles and books and 34th in pay,” history professor Emilio
Zamora said in video posted by KEYE-TV, the CBS affiliate in Austin. (The
number one measure of faculty members' productivity is what they publish, and
often they publish in peer-reviewed scholarly publications.)
Virtually all of the history department's 11 leadership
positions have been held by non-Latino white faculty, with the exception of two
that were held by Asian faculty members, according to Martinez.
Since publication of their report, the professors have heard
from other Latino faculty at University of Texas at El Paso and University of
Texas at San Antonio on issues on their campuses, Martinez said.
The communications office of Maurie McInnis, the university’s
executive vice president and provost, said in a statement emailed to NBC News
that the university is working to address many issues of faculty equity “echoed
by this independent report” and to understand the source of the disparities.
The statement also said McInnis has asked deans to review their
leadership selection and report on them to improve transparency on how the
leaders are selected.
In an Oct. 18 email to the committee, McInnis told the
professors: “You are right. Action is needed, and I’m committed to working with
the campus to do so.” She added" “We are aware of the impact on Hispanic
faculty and have begun work to address some of the concerns. Much work remains
to be done.”
“As your report notes, the feeling of invisibility shared by
some Hispanic faculty is not of their making,” the email states. “Rather, it
is, at least in part, the result of a context that may fail to see them and
validate their experiences.”
According to the committee’s study, the median compensation —
salary and monetary supplements — for Latino full professors is $25,342 less
than white full professors. Hispanic associate professors make about $10,647
less than their white counterparts, and assistant professors earn $19,636 less.
Latinas had the worst salary among all faculty, despite
UT-Austin’s 2008 gender equity review to address pay for its female faculty.
They also held the fewest leadership positions, according to the report.
There were 1,706 tenured and tenured track faculty at UT Austin
in the fall of 2017 — the year the group used for its analysis. Only 119, or 7
percent, were Latino. Eight schools or colleges at the university had two or
fewer Latino faculty members.
Nearly 85 percent of white and Asian faculty become tenured,
compared to 62.5 percent of Hispanic faculty who apply and 76.3 percent of
black faculty. The retention rate of Hispanic professors with tenure was 40
The university also rarely honors Hispanic faculty. Awards and
endowments often include money and are part of the compensation for faculty. In
2018, at least 912 faculty or administrators received university funds from
endowments, but just 5 percent were Hispanic, the report states.
The group analyzed chairs and professorships, which are the two
types of endowments that have the highest prestige and the “largest accounts.”
Of 541 chairs and professorships, 18, or 3.3 percent ,were held
by Hispanic faculty. In the past 62 years, the University of Texas System has
given 929 campus-wide awards to its faculty. Thirty, or 3.2 percent, went to