Dr. Pauline Dow, Chief Academic Officer of Instruction, has brilliantly led this overall dual language initiative for several years.
Drs. Deb Palmer and Leo Gomez are quoted herein. For us in Texas and many other places throughout the Southwest, English only should become a relic of the past, particularly when bilingual education is imminently do-able throughout so many places in Texas and because bilingually educated children outperform their monolingual peers.
Our Academia Cuauhtli / Cuauhtli Academy is a further testament to our district's focus.
- KLRU/PBS Video (May 1, 2015), Academia Cuauhtli Works to Bridge History with Language
- Cuauhtli Academy/Academia Cuauhtli Facebook (Like us on Facebook!)
- AISD Office of Academics Website
Still learning to talk but muy bueno at other languages - news - TES
11 June, 2015
How Texan schools are creating bilingual three-year-oldsIt is almost 3.30pm on a typically sticky Friday afternoon in Texas. There
is an end-of-the-week feeling in the air, but the three- and
four-year-olds at this Austin infant school have one more class to go.
“Hola, buenas tardes,” their teacher says, counting “uno, dos, tres” as they filter into the room. In the background, a singer wails “baila conmigo” – Spanish for “dance with me”.
Although English is the usual language of instruction at St George’s Episcopal
School, this weekly Spanish class aims to bring children up to scratch
in Texas’ unofficial but increasingly important second language.
For years the aim of bilingual education in places such as Texas was to
ensure that children who spoke another language at home reached a good
level of English. But as the face of the US changes, English-speaking
parents are keen to get their children educated in Spanish so that they
can keep up with their bilingual peers.
Laura Gonzalez-de Leon, teacher of the Spanish immersion class at St George’s, says the best
time to start is “as early as you can”.
“Many parents wonder why the schools are not teaching [the children] Spanish when we are so close to Mexico,” she adds.
With the Texan population now almost two-fifths Latino, Spanish is the
lingua franca in many parts of this southern border region. In
supermarkets you often hear more Mexican accents than Texan. Spanish is
everywhere – and parents are increasingly realising that their children
will have more opportunities if they can speak it.
‘Competitive advantage’“When I first came here, I thought a large proportion of the families coming
to the school would be Hispanic, but we mostly have Caucasian,
English-speaking families – I’d say 70-75 per cent,” says María Isabel
León, headteacher of the privately run Magellan International School in
Austin, which has a dual-language programme for children from the age of 3.
When she arrived in 2009, the school had just 45 students.
Today, it has more than 450. “These parents really want their children
to become bilingual in English and Spanish,” she says. “It’s now about
competitive advantage. Having a second language – having Spanish – is a
Dr Deborah Palmer, an expert on bilingual
education at the University of Texas at Austin, says that about 60 of
Austin’s 80 elementary schools now offer some form of bilingual
schooling. In the 1980s, the programmes were largely seen as
transitional and “mainly interested in using the primary language as a
tool for students to acquire and shift over to English within a few
years”, Dr Palmer says. But today they have a wider goal: bilingualism.
“These kind of dual-language programmes are beginning all over the state in
increasing numbers and include a number of children who are English
speakers,” she adds.
One of the architects of the push for
bilingual education in Texas has been Dr Leo Gómez, now a retired
professor and consultant, whose bilingual education model is used by
more than 600 schools across the US.
“When I was in elementary school, 40 years or so ago, there was no bilingual education going on,”
he says. “The position of the state and federal governments was that all
kids should be communicating in English only. There were federal laws
mandating English-only instruction into the mid-1960s.”
But as evidence mounted that Spanish-speaking children were falling behind
under the English-only policy, border regions such as Texas and New
Mexico began to provide native language instruction as the children
learned English. That led to big improvements in the drop-out rate for
Look who’s talkingTexas now tells school districts that if they have 20 or more students at the same grade level
who speak the same language (other than English), they must by law
provide those children with some form of bilingual education.
This has had a huge impact. According to the Texas Education Agency, of the 5
million children currently enrolled in Texan state schools, more half a
million are registered for bilingual classes. A further 400,000 are
taking supplementary English courses to complement the language they
speak at home, and nearly a million (974,000) are currently enrolled on a
“When kids are educated in two languages, where
they truly reach that level of biliteracy, these kids develop what we
call cognitive advantages,” Dr Gómez says. “As they continue in school,
the data shows – especially by middle school – they are beginning to
outperform their counterparts who were educated in English only.”
María Isabel León says that by the 2nd grade – when pupils are aged 7 or 8 –
monolingual children perform better on spelling tests. But by the time
children reach the 6th grade (aged 11-12), she says, the bilingual
students in her school are performing better than their peers.
“They have access to a lot more connections in their brain, access to Latin
routes in both languages; they can interpret better,” she says.
Around her, children shout to their friends in English, Spanish or “Spanglish” – a mixture of the two.
‘After puberty, we fall off the map’In her TED talk on bilingualism and babies, Patricia Kuhl, co-director of
the Institute for Brain and Learning Sciences at the University of
Washington, says that when it comes to acquiring a second language,
“babies and children are geniuses until they turn 7, and then there’s a
“After puberty,” she continues – the age when many children first take up language learning at schools – “we fall off the map.”
Realising this, many parents in Texas are choosing to put children who can barely count into their first Spanish lessons.
“They can learn a language so effectively at that age, before the crucial
period of language development,” says Kathy Cloyd, whose two children
are studying at the Magellan International School. “We live in Texas so
they are learning Spanish – I don’t know it very well but I wish I did.
If I can give them this while they are learning English, it’s a