I showed this video titled, The Last Conquistador, in my class this evening in tandem with Jim Scheurich and Michelle Young's classic piece titled, Coloring Epistemologies: Are Our Research Epistemologies Racially Biased? Educational Researcher Vol. 26, No. 4 (May, 1997), pp. 4-16, that together allowed me to explicate the concept of "civilizational racism." This is the most profound, unconscious racism that comes out of what we think reality to be (ontology), ways of knowing that reality (epistemology), and deep-seated beliefs about that which we determine to be right or wrong (axiology).
As conveyed vividly and poignantly in the film, this action reignited the pain and trauma of Oñate's assertion of power and fought the Pueblo of Acoma in a war that began in January 1599 that not only nearly decimated them, but that also resulted in the enslavement of hundreds of men, women, and children. The cruelty of this now forever memorialized, albeit ignominious, "hero," knew no limits. He amputated one foot of the remaining men that survived the battle, literally crippling the Acoma and subjugating the Pueblo and other Indians of New Mexico with indelible consequences unto the present—and that this video brings to light.
Oñate was eventually called to Mexico where he was heard and found guilty for cruelty toward native people. He had to resign from his post as governor of Santa Fé, but as what could probably have been predicted, was ultimately cleared, on appeal, of all charges.
Thought this might be helpful to others and so I am happy to share. (Also consider viewing this PBS, animated counter-story to "The Last Conquistador," titled"Frontera! Revolt and Rebellion on the Rio Grande.") Brace yourself for the Valadez film though for an emotional journey through time that I anticipate will make you both angry and sad. It illuminates and unmasks a part of our nation's genocidal history of conquest and colonization, and their enduring effects.