Thursday, August 16, 2018

Mexican American Studies – An Open Letter to the Texas SBOE by José Antonio López

Alright...time to begin to set the record straight.  Much more research, writing, and archival work and acquisitions still need to get accomplished.  The Texas State Board of Education would do well to be more historical than it has been.

By José Antonio López | Rio Grande Guardian
August 5, 2018

With Hispanic Heritage Month 2018 fast approaching, it’s an opportune time to focus on the largest part of the umbrella covering U.S. citizens of Hispanic descent – Mexican Americans.  
Ironically, the term “Mexican American” seems to confuse and needlessly alarm some Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) members, most obviously during the approval process of the long-awaited Mexican American Studies (MAS) Program.  

Frankly, the labeling of large homogeneous racial/ethnic groups within the U.S. population is nothing new. Such terms are meant to identify stand-alone segments and are non-threatening. For example, Mexican Americans originating in Texas (also Tejanos, U.S. citizens of Mexican-descent, and/or Spanish surnamed Texans) represent the only united thread connecting all phases of Texas history — pre-Columbian, New Spain, Mexican Republic, Texas Republic, and U.S. statehood.

Quite simply, the term Mexican American is historically accurate. In short, Spanish-Mexican descendants today are a blend (product) of Spanish European and Native American ancestors. In other words, we are the children of the Spanish Mexican founders of Texas and the Southwest.

In reality, our ancestors were in effect “Mexicanos” living in America (Republic of Mexico) before the U.S. took Texas and the Southwest from Mexico. By the way, Stephen F. Austin, designated as the “Father of Texas”, and the Old 300 Anglo families who came with him came to Texas to be “Mexicanos.” (See more below.)   

With all due respect, the Texas SBOE’s refusal to recognize the authenticity of Mexican Americans as a legitimate segment of the Texas state population has held Spanish Mexican descent Texans in a perpetual colonial style life existence.

What are some of the key points that mainstream Texas history has over-looked? The following details offer a sample of pre-1836 Texas history people, places, and events that must no longer be ignored in Texas classrooms.  

1.  Texas was born in 1691. Domingo Terán was the first Texas governor. There were over thirty (30) additional Spanish-surnamed Texas governors during 1691-1821. So, Texas was already over 130 years old when Stephen F. Austin (The Father of Texas) arrived!

2. Stephen F. Austin came to Texas to manage his father Moses’ Spanish land grants. (He came for free land; not to set Texas free.)

3. Moses Austin was no longer a U.S. citizen. He was a Spanish citizen living in Spanish Missouri. (Incidentally, Daniel Boone was a Spanish citizen living in Spanish Missouri, as well. Plus, he was a Spanish civil servant.)

4.  Stephen F. Austin and the Old 300 Anglo families immigrated to Mexico (Texas) in 1825 and of their own free will became Mexican citizens to begin new lives in Mexico.

5. Stephen F. Austin wrote at the time that Mexico was the most benevolent (friend to the immigrant) than any other country in the world. 

6.  Stephen F. Austin clearly understood that Texas was a province (state) of Mexico. In fact, he recognized Texas’ sister internal provinces (California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Nuevo México, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Nuevo Santander. In fact, he travelled to Mier, Nuevo Santander (Tamaulipas) to buy horses and other stock.

7. Texas is no longer independent. A short nine (9) years after 1836, the Anglos traded their independence to join the U.S. as a slave state.

8. Mexico was the first country to abolish slavery in America in 1829. So, African American families living in Texas in 1836 were free. However, they were re-enslaved after the 1836 Texas independence and did not become free again until 1865.

9. The Mexican soldiers at the battles of Goliad, Álamo, and San Jacinto were the only legitimate military police force in Texas. They were fulfilling their duty to defend their country of Mexico against armed invaders from the U.S. They were not the aggressors – the armed Anglo expatriates from the U.S. were!

10. The battles of Goliad, Álamo, and San Jacinto are part of the chronological history of Mexico, not the U.S. Mexico didn’t lose Texas, South Texas (northern Tamaulipas) and the entire Southwest until 1848. 

11. For as long as the Anglo-influenced tourism industry has pushed Mission San Antonio de Valero as the Álamo, they’ve been guilty of a “truth in advertising” violation.

– There were two Spanish institutions in San Antonio, a Presidio (San Antonio de Béxar) and a mission (San Antonio de Valero). The mission was (is) a place of worship, dedicated to area Native Americans. It was (is) a sanctuary of peace; not a place of battle.  

– Soldiers were stationed at the Presidio, not the Mission. What happened to the San Antonio de Béxar Presidio in downtown San Antonio? City leaders tore it down and sold the land (where the 1836 battle took place) and developed it for commercial business. By the way, the mission graveyard (camposanto) was paved over and is still under the concrete and asphalt.)

In summary, it’s time for the Texas SBOE to (a) accept the fact that the words “Mexican American” as in Mexican American Studies (MAS) is non-threatening. Texas students of all backgrounds must learn in the classroom that they correctly refer to the founding roots of the Texas history family tree.  

The bottom line? The current Texas SBOE has within its power to (and must) solve the major mainstream Texas history riddle. Why is everything historically old in Texas named in Spanish?  In the words of William E. Gladstone, “Justice delayed is justice denied.

Editor’s Note: The main image accompanying the above guest column comes from the website of the Mexican American School Boards Association. MASBA is a voluntary, non-profit, statewide education association that has served local Texas school boards since 1970. MASBA is focused on closing opportunity & achievement gaps for all students–especially for Hispanic students and English Language Learners.

About the Author:  José “Joe” Antonio López was born and raised in Laredo, Texas, and is a USAF Veteran. He now lives in Universal City, Texas. He is the author of several books.  His latest is “Preserving Early Texas History (Essays of an Eighth-Generation South Texan), Volume 2”.  Books are available through  Lopez is also the founder of the Tejano Learning Center, LLC, and, a Web site dedicated to Spanish Mexican people and events in U.S. history that are mostly overlooked in mainstream history books.

1 comment:


    Are you Seeking for a LEGIT HACKER Who Will Get Your Job Done Efficiently With Swift Response???? Congratulations, Your Search Ends Right Here With Us.

    • We are a Team Of Professional HACKERS , a product of the coming together of Legit Hackers from the Dark-Web, (pentaguard,CyberBerkut, RedHack , Black Hat, White Hack ) we have been existing for for years, Our Team houses a separate group of specialists/Hackers who are productively focussed and established authorities in different platforms. They hail from a proven track record Called “HackerOne” and have cracked even the toughest of barriers to intrude and capture or recapture all relevant datas needed by our Clients. Some Of These Hackers Includes PETER YAWORSKI, FRANS ROSEN, JACK CABLE, JOBERT ABMA, ARNE SWINNEN And More

     • Frankly speaking, I always give a 100% guarantee on any job we are been asked to do, because we have always been successful in All our jobs for over 20years and our clients can testify to that .To hack anything needs time though, but we can provide a swift response to your job depending on how fast and urgent you need it. Time also depends on what exactly you want to hack and how serious you are. Enough time with social engineering is required for hacking. So if you want to bind us in a short time, then just don't contact us because We can't hack within 5-10minutes, *sorry*. Basically, time depends on your luck. If its good luck, then it is possible to hack within 5-10minutes but, if it is in the other way round, it would take few minutes or hours. I have seen FAKE HACKERS claiming they can hack in 5min, but there is no REAL HACKER who can say this (AVOID THEM).

    There are so many Reasons why people need to hire a hacker, It might be to Hack a Websites to deface informations, retrieve informations, edit informations or give you admin access.
    • Some people might need us To Hack Their Target Smartphone so that they could get access to all activities on the phone like , text messages , call logs , Social media Apps and other informations
    • Some might need to Hack a Facebook , gmail, Instagram , twitter and other social media Accounts,
    • Also Some Individuals might want to Track someone else's Location probably for investigation cases
    • Some might need Us to Hack into Court's Database to Clear criminal records.
    • However, Some People Might Have Lost So Much Funds With BINARY OPTIONS BROKERS or BTC MINING and wish to Recover Their Funds
    • All these Are what we can get Done Asap With The Help Of Our Root HackTools, Special HackTools and Our Technical Hacking Strategies Which Surpasses All Other Hackers.

    * Credit Cards Loading ( USA Only )
    * BANK Account Loading (USA Banks Only)

    ★ You can also contact us for other Cyber Attacks And Hijackings, we do All ★

    * For Binary Options Recovery
    * For Other Hacking Services
    Wickr: compositehacks