This blog on Texas education contains posts on accountability, testing, postsecondary educational attainment, dropouts, bilingual education, immigration, school finance, environmental issues, and Ethnic Studies at state and national levels. I am also covering COVID in my attempt to get the right information into the right hands.
Critically Compassionate Intellectualism for Latina/o Students by Drs. Julio Cammarota & Augustine Romero
I strongly recommend this published piece in the journal, Multicultural Education, by Drs. Julio Cammarota & Augustine Romero that lays out their critique of K-12 schooling and their alternative approach applied to youth in the Tucson Unified School District (TUSD), namely, their Critically Compassionate Intellectualism Model of Transformative Education.
Remember that this is the curricular approach advanced by the TUSD Mexican American Studies Program, leading to unexpectedly high levels of academic achievement, graduation rates, and college matriculation to the point that the Arizona State Superintendent disavowed the results from the Arizona-taxpayer-funded Cambium Report.
Thanks to Stephen Lemon's June 16, 2011 blog in the Phoenix New Times, here is the link to the Cambium Report in five parts so that you can see for yourself the success of the TUSD program guide by these principles of critically compassionate intellectualism: Cambium One, Cambium Two, Cambium Three, Cambium Four, and Cambium Five.
This model, theoretically framed around what they describe in this piece as a trilogy, is elaborated as follows:
A teacher following critically
compassionate intellectualism implements
the educational trilogy of critical
pedagogy (Freire, 1993), authentic caring
(Valenzuela, 1999), and a social justice
centered curriculum (Ginwright & Cammarota,
2002). For students of color, critical
pedagogy affords them the opportunity to
become critical agents of social and structural
transformation. Authentic caring
promotes student-teacher relationships
characterized by respect, admiration, and
love and inspires young Latinas/os to better
themselves and their communities. A
social justice curriculum dispels ideological
notions of racial inferiority while cultivating
the intellectual capacities of students
Thankfully, the program is now legal in the wake of Judge Tashima's ruling on August 22, 2017 that you can read about here if you like.
So little of education reform, I have noticed over the years, is about socially transformative curriculum and pedagogy even if this is what our children and youth desperately need—and for reasons that are well articulated by Cammarota and Romero in this article that I encourage you to read in its entirety.
Freire, P. (1993). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum.
Ginwright, S., & Cammarota, J. (2002). New terrain in youth
development: The promise of a social justice approach. Social Justice, 29(4),
Valenzuela, A. (1999). Subtractive schooling: U.S.-Mexican youth and the
politics of caring. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press